Jamb Government Syllabus 2018 2019 | Download Updated Jamb Syllabus for Government 2019

Jamb Government Syllabus 2018 | Updated Jamb Syllabus for Government

This article is on Jamb Government Syllabus which also has Jamb Updated Syllabus for Government which is very useful for you as a candidate preparing to write the forth coming Utme Exams, you need to have the Syllabus as a study Guide.

Jamb Government Syllabus

This article is on Jamb Government Syllabus 2018 which is necessary for everyone who wants to study physical sciences.

This Jamb Syllabus is very essential for all those who are preparing to Undertake the forth coming UTME exams for 2018.

Like we wrote on jamb syllabus for Government 2017, we also written on Jamb Government Syllabus 2018 for you.

Unlike Government jamb syllabus, we have uploaded Jamb Syllabus for you here online and without asking you to download it in any pdf format. The Syllabus is present online for you.

Jamb syllabus 2017 pdf was not really compiled in this format and that is why you will enjoy every part of our Jamb Syllabus for Government this Syllabus is not like:

Jamb syllabus for Government or any other Subject, but it has been clearly written to Show all in the intricacies in Jamb.


This article is not just on Jamb syllabus for Government 2017, but it has been updated to Jamb Government Syllabus 2018 for everyone.

In addition to Jamb Government Syllabus 2018, you will also have to study Jamb syllabus for physics 2018 and Jamb Syllabus for Government if you want to study a course like medicine and surgery. Of course the Study of  Jamb syllabus for english 2018 should be added to it.

When Study Government Jamb Syllabus, do not forget to also Study  2017/2018 brochure

Jamb Government Syllabus 2018 Updated

Our Government Syllabus has been updated to meet the present time we have not only written on Jamb Syllabus for Government for many years, but we have ensure that we update our Syllabus for all perspective candidates of Jamb.

Every year, increasing number of Students register for Jamb and sometimes new things are being introduced into the System of Jamb.

However, it is of important that Jamb Syllabus for Government too Should be updated to meet the present time of 2018.

Download jamb Government syllabus

You can also download our 2018 Jamb Syllabus for Government. Apart from just reading the syllabus online, you can also download it for Studies in case you might run out of data or in case you may not be able to locate this site again on Jamb Government Syllabus.

The aim of this 2017/2018 Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Government is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. 

These objectives are to:
i. appreciate the meaning of government;
ii. analyse the framework and specify the institutions of government;
iii. appreciate the basic principles of democratic governance and their application in Nigeria;
iv. explain the concept of citizenship and define the duties and obligations of a citizen;
v. appreciate the process of political development in Nigeria;
vi. evaluate the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria;
vii. understand the determinants and dynamics of foreign policy as it relates to Nigeria;
viii. assess the role of Nigeria as a member of the international community and the workings of international organizations.


1. Basic Concepts in Government

  1. Power, Authority, Legitimacy,
    b. Society, State, Nation, Nation-State;
    c. Political Processes;
    Political Socialization, Political
    Participation, Political Culture.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. identify the fundamental concepts in governance;
    ii. analyse various political processes;

2. Forms of Government:

Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy,
Autocracy, Republicanism, Democracy definitions,
features, merits and
Candidates should be able to:
i. distinguish between different forms of

3. Arms of Government:

  1. The Legislature – types, structure, functions, powers;
    b. The Executive – types, functions, powers;
    c. The Judiciary – functions, powers, components.
    d. Their relationships
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. identify the duties and obligations of the various arms of government and their agencies;
    ii. relate each arm to its functions;
    iii. appreciate how these arms interrelates.

4. Structures of Governance:

  1. Unitary – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits
    b. Federal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits
    c. Confederal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. compare the various political structures of governance.
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5. Systems of Governance:

Presidential, Parliamentary and Monarchical.
Candidates should be able to:
i. distinguish between the different systems of governance.

6. Political Ideologies:

Communalism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, Communism, Totalitarianism, Fascism, Nazism.
Candidates should be able to:
i. differentiate between the major political ideologies;
ii. contrast modes of production,

7. Constitution:

Meaning, Sources, Functions, Types – Written, Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible.
Candidates should be able to:
i. Define and identify sources and functions of constitutions;
ii. compare the nature of constitutions.

8. Principles of Democratic Government:

Ethics and Accountability in Public Office, Separation of Power, Checks and Balances, Individual and Collective Responsibility, Constitutionalism, Rule of Law, Representative Government.
Candidates should be able to:
i. identify the principles of democratic government;
ii. determine the application of these principles;

9. Processes of Legislation:

Legislative Enactments – acts, edicts, bye-laws, delegated legislation, decrees.
Candidates should be able to:
i. analyse the processes involved in the making of laws.

10. Citizenship:

  1. Meaning, types;
    b. Citizenship rights;
    c. Dual citizenship, renunciation, deprivation;
    d. Duties and obligations of citizens;
    e. Duties and obligations of the state.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. differentiate between the various methods of acquiring citizenship;
    ii. specify the rights and responsibilities of a citizen;
    iii. assess the obligations of the state.

11. The Electoral Process:

  1. Suffrage – evolution, types;
    b. Election – types, ingredients of free and fair election;
    c. Electoral System – types, advantages and disadvantages of each;
    d. Electoral Commission – functions, problems.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. distinguish the different types of franchise
    ii. identify and explain the types of electoral systems
    iii. analyse the various electoral processes.

12. Political Parties and Party Systems:

  1. Political parties – Definition, Organization, functions.
    b. Party Systems – Definition, organization, functions.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. assess the role of political parties;
    ii. distinguish between types of party systems.

13. Pressure Groups:

  1. Definition, types, functions and modes of operation.
    b. Differences between Pressure Groups and Political Parties.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. evaluate the functions and the modus operandi of pressure groups;
    ii. distinguish between pressure groups and political parties.

14. Public Opinion:

  1. Meaning, formation and measurement.
    b. Functions and limitations.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. compare methods of assessing public opinion;
    ii. assess the functions of public opinion;
    iii. analyse the limitations of public opinion.

15. The Civil Service:

Definition, characteristics, functions, structure, control and problems.
Candidates should be able to:
i. analyse the significance of civil service in governance.


1. Pre – colonial Polities:

Pre-jihad Hausa, Emirate, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba
a. Their structural organization;
b. The functions of their various political institutions.
Candidates should be able to:
i. appreciate the effectiveness of the pre-colonial political systems;
ii. compare pre-colonial systems of governance.

2. Imperialist Penetration:

  1. The British process of acquisition – trade, missionary activities, company rule, crown colony, protectorate;
    b. The British colonial administrative policy – direct and indirect rule;
    c. The French colonial administrative policy – assimilation and association;
    d. Impact of British colonial rule- economic, political, socio-cultural;
    e. Comparison of British and French colonial administration.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. trace the processes of imperialist penetration;
    ii. assess the impact of British and French policies;
    iii. distinguish between British and French colonial practices.

3. Process of Decolonization:

  1. Nationalism – Meaning, Types;
    b. Nationalist Movements – emergence, goals, strategies;
    c. Nationalist Leaders – Herbert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo, Ahmadu Bello, Ladipo Solanke, Aminu Kano, J. S. Tarka, Tafawa Balewa and others;
    d. Emergence of nationalist parties;
    e. Influence of external factors.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. evaluate the process of decolonization;
    ii. assess the roles of nationalist leaders and parties;
    iii. assess the impact of external forces and ideas (Pan-Africanism, Back-to-Africa Movements, Second World War etc).

4. Constitutional Development in Nigeria:

  1. Hugh Clifford Constitution (1922)
    b. Arthur Richards Constitution (1946)
    c. John Macpherson Constitution (1951)
    d. Oliver Lyttleton Constitution (1954)
    e. Independence Constitution (1960)
    Their features, merits and demerits.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. compare the various constitutional developments.
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5. Post – Independence Constitutions:

1963, 1979, 1989 and 1999- characteristics and shortcomings.
Candidates should be able to:
i. assess the workings of the various constitutions.

6. Institutions of Government in the Post – Independence Nigeria:

  1. The Legislative – structure, functions and working.
    b. The Executive – structure, functions and workings.
    c. The Judiciary – structure, functions and workings.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. evaluate the operations of the arms of government and their agencies, e.g the civil service, armed forces, police, courts and others.

Check Out Jamb Syllabus for Chemistry Here

7. Public Commissions Established by the 1979 and Subsequent Constitutions:

The Civil Service Commission, the Public Complaints Commission, Electoral Commissions, National Boundary Commission and others – objectives functions and problems .
Candidates should be able to:
i. evaluate the operations of public commissions;
ii. assess the problems of the Public Commissions and their constraints.

8. Political Parties and Party Politics in Post-Independence Nigeria:

  1. First Republic
    b. Second Republic
    c. Third Republic
    d. Fourth Republic
    – Evolution, membership spread, structure etc.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. contrast political processes in the republics;
    ii. evaluate the ideologies, structure and composition of the political parties.

9. The Structure and Workings of Nigerian Federalism:

  1. Rationale for a Federal System;
    b. Tiers of government and their relationship;
    c. Creation of States – 1963, 1967, 1976, 1987, 1991, 1996;
    d. Problems of Nigerian Federalism – census, revenue allocation, conflicts etc. solutions e.g. Federal character, etc.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. examine the workings of Nigerian federalism;
    ii. identify its problems;
    iii. evaluate the corrective measure adopted.

10. Public Corporations and Parastatals:

  1. Definition, types, purpose and functions;
    b. Finance, control and problems;
    c. Deregulation, privatization, commercialization – objectives, features, merits and demerits;
    d. Comparison between public corporations and parastatals.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. examine the operations of public corporations and parastatals;
    ii. identify the processes involved in privatization and commercialization;
    iii. assess the economic importance of privatization and commercialization.

11. Local Government:

  1. Local government administration prior to 1976;
    b. Features of local government reforms (1976, 1989) – structure, functions, finance and inter-governmental relations;
    c. Traditional rulers and local governments;
    d. Problems of local government administration in Nigeria.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. trace the evolution and structure of local government;
    ii. identify the major problems faced by local governments.

12. The Military in Nigerian Politics:

  1. Factors that led to military intervention;
    b. Structure of military regimes;
    c. Impact of military rule – political, e.g creation of states, introduction of unitary system (Unification Decree NO. 34) etc. economic, e.g SAP, etc.
    d. Processes of military disengagement.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. evaluate the reasons given for military intervention;
    ii. assess the achievements of military rule;
    iii. determine the conditions that necessitated withdrawal from governance.


1. Foreign Policy:

– Definition, purpose, determining factors; formulation and implementation.
Candidates should be able to:
i. Define foreign policy, identify and explain its determinants

2. Nigeria’s Foreign Policy:

  1. Relations with major powers;
    b. Relations with developing countries, e.g the Technical Aid Corps (TAC), etc.
    c. Nigeria’s Non-Alignment Policy. | jambnews.ng
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. identify the major objectives of Nigeria’s foreign policy.
    ii. analyse Nigeria’s non-aligned posture.

3. Relations with African Countries:

  1. Africa as the “centre piece” of Nigeria’s forieign policy – guiding principles, implementation and implications;
    b. NEPAD – origin, objectives and implications.
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. evaluate the role of Nigeria in continental affairs;
    ii. assess the role of NEPAD in developing Africa.

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Jamb Government Syllabus
Jamb Syllabus

4. Nigeria in International Organizations

  1. The United Nations;
    b. The Commonwealth;
    c. The Organization of African Unity;
    d. The African Union;
    e. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS);
    f. The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
    Candidates should be able to:
    i. analyse the dynamics of Nigeria’s involvement in international organizations;
    ii. assess their contribution to the development of Nigeria.
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1. International Organizations:

  1. ECOWAS;
    b. OAU, AU;
    c. Commonwealth;
    d. OPEC;
    e. UNO;
    f. African Petroleum Producers Association;
    – Origin, objectives, structure, functions, achievements, problems and prospects of these organizations.Candidates should be able to:
    i. evaluate the operations of these international organizations;
    ii. assess the role of these organizations in world affairs;
    iii. appreciate the challenges of these organizations and how they can be overcome.


All you have to do is to follow all relevant lin ks in this website in other for you to download and make use of the Jamb Syllabus for 2018 compiled for Government.

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There is a clear difference between Jamb Government syllabus 2017 and Jamb Government syllabus 2018, there are not the same although both has little similarities, but some changes has been made for Jamb Syllabus in 2018. This Government syllabus for 2018 jamb examination  is not like that of last year.

Latest Government syllabus for jamb 2018

Like I said earlier, the Syllabus contain here have been updated and there are new. We want to save our readers who are wants to know and have the latest Jamb Syllabus for Government that the Syllabus has been updated and at Such it is considered as the Latest Material Study before any other recommended texts.

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The Syllabus you are about to Read has just been gotten from Jamb.

What is Jamb Government Syllabus?

It is pertinent to answer this Question because Many People don’t even know what a Syllabus is. A syllabus is a compiled material showing series of topics arranged in a chronological manner.  Syllabus is written as a Guide to all Students so that they will not just Study anything in Government.

Like in WAEC and NECO, We have also Jamb Syllabus for Government. Please note that Jamb Syllabus and WAEC or NECO Syllabus is not the same as Jamb Syllabus for Government so be Guided.

How to Get Jamb Syllabus for Government

Yes It is by Two means we can’t Just do bla bla and at the end of the day not Give you the Syllabus for Government . Some Persons after reading to some point may not want to read again because they may not be patient enough to get the Syllabus below.

We didn’t mean to bore you with long Stories before Getting the Syllabus, but we wanted you to understand the Syllabus and Show you how to Get the Syllabus.

You can Get the Syllabus in two Ways: It is either Through downloading via the lin ks made available on this site or you Get it by reading through it online because we have updated it.


Adigwe, F (1985) Essentials of Government for West Africa, Ibadan: University Press Plc.
Anifowose, R and Enemuo, F. C (eds)(1999) Elements of Politics, Lagos; Malthouse Press Limited.
Appadorai, A. (1978) The Substance of Politics, London: Oxford University Press.
Ball, A. R. (1983) Modern Politics and Government, London: Macmillan.
Ofoegbu, R. (1977) Government for the Certificate Year, London: George Allen and Unwin.
Olawale, J. B (1987) New Topics on Ordinary Level Government, Ilesha: Jola Publishing.
Oyediran, O. Nwosu, H., Takaya, B., Anifowoshe, R., Femi, B., Godwill, O. and Adigun, A. (1990) Government for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1, 2 and 3, Ibadan: Longman.
Oyeneye, I., Onyenwenu, M. and Olusunde, B. E. (2000) Round-Up Government for Senior Secondary School Certifcate Examination: A Complete Guide, Ibadan: Longman.
Oyovbaire, S., Ogunna, A. E. C., Amucheazi, E. C., Coker, H. O. and Oshuntuyi, O. (2001) Countdown to Senior Secondary Certificate Examination: Government, Ibadan: Evans.

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