Jamb Biology Syllabus 2018 | Updated Jamb Syllabus for Biology

Jamb Biology Syllabus 2018 | Updated Jamb Syllabus for Biology

This article is on Jamb Biology Syllabus 2018 which is necessary for everyone who wants to study physical sciences.

This Jamb Syllabus is very essential for all those who are preparing to Undertake the forth coming UTME exams for 2018.

Jamb Biology Syllabus

Jamb Biology Syllabus

Like we wrote on jamb syllabus for chemistry 2017, we also written on Jamb Biology Syllabus 2018 for you.

Unlike chemistry jamb syllabus, we have uploaded Jamb Syllabus for you here online and without asking you to download it in any pdf format. The Syllabus is present online for you.

Jamb syllabus 2017 pdf was not really compiled in this format and that is why you will enjoy every part of our Jamb Syllabus for Biology this Syllabus is not like: Jamb syllabus for english language or any other Subject, but it has been clearly written to Show all in the intricacies in Jamb.


This article is not just on Jamb syllabus for biology 2017, but it has been updated to Jamb Biology Syllabus 2018 for everyone.

In addition to Jamb Biology Syllabus 2018, you will also have to study Jamb syllabus for physics 2018 and Jamb Syllabus for Chemistry if you want to study a course like medicine and surgery. Of course the Study of  Jamb syllabus for english 2018 should be added to it.

When Study Biology Jamb Syllabus, do not forget to also Study  2017/2018 brochure

Jamb Biology Syllabus 2018 Updated


Our Biology Syllabus has been updated to meet the present time we have not only written on Jamb Syllabus for Biology for many years, but we have ensure that we update our Syllabus for all perspective candidates of Jamb.

Every year, increasing number of Students register for Jamb and sometimes new things are being introduced into the System of Jamb. However, it is of important that Jamb Syllabus for Biology too Should be updated to meet the present time of 2018.

Download jamb biology syllabus


You can also download our 2018 Jamb Syllabus for Biology. Apart from just reading the syllabus online, you can also download it for Studies in case you might run out of data or in case you may not be able to locate this site again on Jamb Biology Syllabus.


All you have to do is to follow all relevant lin ks in this website in other for you to download and make use of the Jamb Syllabus for 2018 compiled for biology.

Download jamb 2018 biology syllabus now from this sites and study carefully.

There is a clear difference between Jamb biology syllabus 2017 and Jamb biology syllabus 2018, there are not the same although both has little similarities, but some changes has been made for Jamb Syllabus in 2018. This Biology syllabus for 2018 jamb examination  is not like that of last year.

Latest biology syllabus for jamb 2018

Like I said earlier, the Syllabus contain here have been updated and there are new. We want to save our readers who are wants to know and have the latest Jamb Syllabus for biology that the Syllabus has been updated and at Such it is considered as the Latest Material Study before any other recommended texts.

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The Syllabus you are about to Read has just been gotten from Jamb.

What is Jamb Biology Syllabus?

It is pertinent to answer this Question because Many People don’t even know what a Syllabus is. A syllabus is a compiled material showing series of topics arranged in a chronological manner.  Syllabus is written as a Guide to all Students so that they will not just Study anything in Biology.

Like in WAEC and NECO, We have also Jamb Syllabus for Biology. Please note that Jamb Syllabus and WAEC or NECO Syllabus is not the same as Jamb Syllabus for Biology so be Guided.

How to Get Jamb Syllabus for Biology

Yes It is by Two means we can’t Just do bla bla and at the end of the day not Give you the Syllabus for Biology . Some Persons after reading to some point may not want to read again because they may not be patient enough to get the Syllabus below.

We didn’t mean to bore you with long Stories before Getting the Syllabus, but we wanted you to understand the Syllabus and Show you how to Get the Syllabus.

You can Get the Syllabus in two Ways: It is either Through downloading via the lin ks made available on this site or you Get it by reading through it online because we have updated it.

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Biology Jamb Syllabus 2018,

From this Syllabus; From your Studies, you should be able to:

1.demonstrate sufficient knowledge of the concepts of the diversity interdependence and unity of life;
2. account for continuity of life through reorganization, inheritance and evolution;
3. apply biological principles and concepts to everyday life, especially to matters affecting living things, individual, society, the environment, community health and the economy.



  1. Living organisms:
  2. Characteristics
    b. Cell structure and functions of cell Components
    c. Level of organization
    i. Cell e.g. euglena and paramecium,
    ii. Tissue, e.g. epithelial tissues and hydra
    iii. Organ, e.g. onion bulb
    iv. Systems, e.g. reproductive, digestive and excretory
    v. Organisms e.g. Chlamydomonas

2. Evolution among the following:

  1. Monera (prokaryotes), e.g. bacteria and
    blue green algae.
    b. Protista (protozoans and protophyta),
    e.g. Amoeba, Euglena and Paramecium
    c. Fungi, e.g. mushroom and Rhizopus.
    d. Plantae (plants)
    i. Thallophyta (e.g. Spirogyra)
    ii. Bryophyta (mosses and liveworts) e.g.
    Brachmenium and Merchantia.
    iii. Pteridophyta (ferns) e.g. Dryopteris.
    iv. Spermatophyta (Gymnospermae and Angiospermae)
    – Gymnosperms e.g. Cycads and conifers.
    – Angiosperms (monocots, e.g. maize; dicots, e.g. water leaf)
    e. Animalia (animals)
    i. Invertebrates
    – coelenterate (e.g. Hydra)
    – Platyhelminthes (flatworms) e.g. Taenia
    – Nematoda (roundworms)
    – Annelida (e.g. earthworm)
    – Arthropoda e.g. mosquito, cockroach, housefly, bee, butterfly
    – Mollusca (e.g. snails)
    ii. Multicellular animals (vertebrates)
    – pisces (cartilaginous and bony fish)
    – Amphibia (e.g. toads and frogs)
    – Reptilia (e.g. lizards, snakes and turtles)
    – Aves (birds)
    – Mammalia (mammals)

3.a Structural/functional and behavioural adaptations of organisms.

  1. adaptive colouration and its functions
    c. Behavioural adaptations in social animals
    d. Structural adaptations in organisms.

1. Internal structure of a flowering plant

  1. Root
    ii. Stem
    iii. Leaf
    b. Internal structure of a mammal

2. Nutrition

  1. Modes of nutrition
    i. Autotrophic
    ii. Heterotrophic
    b. Types of Nutrition
    c. Plant nutrition
    i. Photosynthesis
    ii. Mineral requirements
    (macro and micro-nutrients)
    d. Animal nutrition
    i. Classes of food substances; carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oils, vitamins, mineral salts and water
    ii. Food tests (e.g. starch, reducing sugar, protein, oil, fat etc.
    iii. The mammalian tooth (structures, types and functions
    iv. Mammalian alimentary canal
    v. Nutrition process (ingestion, digestion, absorption,
    and assimilation of digested food.

3. Transport

  1. Need for transportation
    b. Materials for transportation.
    Excretory products, gases, manufactured food, digested food, nutrient, water and hormones)
    c. Channels for transportation
    i. Mammalian circulatory system (heart, arteries,
    veins, and capillaries)
    ii Plant vascular system (phloem and xylem)
    d. Media and processes of mechanism for transportation.

4. Respiration in

  1. Respiratory organs and surfaces
    b. The mechanism of gaseous exchange in:
    i. Plants
    ii. Mammals
    c. Aerobic respiration
    d. Anaerobic respiration

5. Excretion

  1. Types of excretory structures:
    contractile vacuole, flamecell,
    nephridium, Malpighian tubule, kidney,
    stoma and lenticel.
    b. Excretory mechanisms:
    i. Kidneys
    ii. lungs
    ii. skin
    c. Excretory products of plants

6. Support and movement

  1. Tropic, tactic, nastic and sleep
    movements in plants
    b. supporting tissues in animals
    c. Types and functions of the skeleton
    i. Exoskeleton
    ii. Endoskeleton
    iii. Functions of the skeleton in animals

7. Reproduction

  1. A sexual reproduction
    i. Fission as in Paramecium
    ii. Budding as in yeast
    iii. Natural vegetative propagation
    iv. Artificial vegetative propagation.
    b. sexual reproduction in flowering plants
    i. Floral parts and their functions
    ii. Pollination and fertilization
    iii. products of sexual reproduction
    c. Reproduction in mammals
    i. structures and functions of the male and female reproductive organs
    ii. Fertilization and development.
    (Fusion of gamates)

8. Growth

  1. meaning of growth
    b. Germination of seeds and condition
    necessary for germination of seeds.

9. Co-ordination and control

  1. Nervous coordination:
    i. the components, structure and functions
    of the central nervous system;
    ii. The components and functions of the
    peripheral nervous systems;
    iii. Mechanism of transmission of impulses;
    iv. Reflex action
    b. The sense organs
    i. skin (tactile)
    ii. nose (olfactory)
    iii. tongue (taste)
    iv. eye (sight)
    v. ear (auditory)
    c. Hormonal control
    i. animal hormonal system
    – Pituitary
    – thyroid
    – parathyroid
    – adrenal gland
    – pancreas
    – gonads
    ii. Plant hormones (phytohormones)
    d. Homeostasis
    i. Body temperature regulation
    ii. Salt and water regulation


1. Factors affecting the distribution of Organisms

  1. Abiotic
    ii. Biotic

2. Symbiotic interactions of plants and animals

(a) Energy flow in the ecosystem: food chains, food webs and trophic levels
(b) Nutrient cycling in nature
i. carbon cycle
ii. water cycle
iii. Nitrogen cycle

3. Natural Habitats

(a) Aquatic (e.g. ponds, streams, lakes
seashores and mangrove swamps)
(b) Terrestrial/arboreal (e.g. tree-tops of oil palm, abandoned farmland or a dry grassy (savanna) field, and burrow or hole.

4. Local (Nigerian Biomes)

  1. Tropical rainforest
    b. Guinea savanna (southern and northern)
    c. Sudan Savanna
    d. Desert
    e. Highlands of montane forests and grasslands of the Obudu, Jos, Mambilla Plateau.
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5. The Ecology of Populations:

(a) Population density and overcrowding.
(b) Adaptation for survival
i. Factors that bring about competition
ii. Intra and inter-specific competition
iii. Relationship between competition and succession.
(c) Factors affecting population sizes:
i. Biotic (e.g. food, pest, disease, predation, competition, reproductive ability).
ii. Abiotic (e.g. temperature, space, light, rainfall, topography, pressure, pH, etc.
(d) Ecological succession
i. primary succession
ii. secondary succession


  1. a) (i) characteristics of different types
    of soil (sandy, loamy, clayey)
    soil structure
    ii. porosity, capillarity and humus
    iii. Components of the soil
    i. inorganic
    ii. organic
    iii. soil organisms
    iv. Soil air
    v. Soil water
    Soil fertility:
    i. loss of soil fertility
    ii. Renewal and maintenance of soil fertility

7. Humans and Environment

(a) Diseases:
(i) Common and endemic diseases.
ii. Easily transmissible diseases and disease syndrome such as:
– poliomyelitis
– cholera
– tuberculosis
– sexually transmitted disease/syndrome (gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, etc.
b. Pollution and its control
(i) sources, types, effects and methods of control.
(ii) Sanitation and sewage
(c) Conservation of Natural Resources
(d) Game reserves and National parks



(I) Variation In Population

  1. Morphological variations in the physical appearance of individuals.
    (i) size (height, weight)
    (ii) Colour (skin, eye, hair, coat of animals, scales and feathers.
    (iii) Fingerprints
    b. Physiological variation
    (i) Ability to roll tongue
    (ii) Ability to taste
    phenylthiocarbamide (PTC)
    (iii) Blood groups
    c. Application of discontinuous
    variation in crime detection,
    blood transfusion and
    determination of paternity.

2. Heredity

  1. a) Inheritance of characters in organisms;
    i) Heritable and non-heritable characters.
    b) Chromosomes – the basis of heredity;
    (i) Structure
    (ii) Process of transmission of hereditary characters from parents to offspring.
    c) Probability in genetics and sex determination.
    a) Application of the principles of heredity in:
    i) Agriculture
    (ii) Medicine
    Sex – linked characters e.g. baldness, haemophilia, colour blindness, etc.


1. Theories of evolution

  1. a) Lamarck’s theory
    b) Darwin’s theory
    c) organic theory

2. Evidence of evolution


Ndu, F.O. C. Ndu, Abun A. and Aina J.O. (2001) Senior Secondary School Biology:
Books 1 -3, Lagos: Longman

Odunfa, S.A. (2001) Essential of Biology, Ibadan: Heinemann

Ogunniyi M.B. Adebisi A.A. and Okojie J.A. (2000) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools: Books 1 – 3, Macmillan

Ramalingam, S.T. (2005) Modern Biology, SS Science Series. New Edition, AFP

Stan. (2004) Biology for Senior Secondary Schools. Revised Edition, Ibadan: Heinemann

Stone R.H. and Cozens, A.B.C. (1982) Biology for West African Schools. Longman

Usua, E.J. (1997) Handbook of practical Biology 2nd Edition, University Press, Limited


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  1. Pingback: Jamb Physics Questions | Repeated Physics Questions in Jamb 2018

  2. Musa Idris

    March 7, 2018 at 8:28 am

    May God Help Us All

  3. Pingback: Jamb Biology Questions 2018 | Random Repeated Questions for Biology

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